At a delegation level meeting, both are likely to hold talks on various issues, including maritime relations and cooperation on combating militancy.
The bilateral discussions may be directed toward education, science and technology and people-to-people contacts.
Accompanied by a 52-member delegation, including businessmen, the Thai PM arrived in New Delhi on 16 June .
Earlier, after being given a traditional welcome at the Rashtrapati Bhawan, the Thai Prime Minister met Union external affairs minister Sushma Swaraj.
Earlier, Prayuth Chan-ocha was received by MoS for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju on his arrival who is visiting the country on the invitation of Prime Minister Modi.
Prayuth will also address events held at Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry and the Confederation of Indian Industry.
The Thai PM will also visit Bodh Gaya a prime Buddhist pilgrimage before heading back home on18 June.