Three days after it failed to join the NSG due to opposition from China and few other countries, India, on 27 June, became a full member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
“India’s entry into the regime as its thirty-fifth member would be mutually beneficial in the furtherance of international non-proliferation objectives,” a report said.
India has been trying to get into export control regimes such as MTCR, NSG, the Wassenaar Arrangement and the Australia Group since its civil nuclear deal with the US on 8th October 2008, as these regimes regulate the conventional, nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and technologies.
Interestingly, China, which opposed India’s entry into the 48-nation Nuclear Supplier’s Group (NSG) at the just-concluded Seoul convention, is not a member of the 34-nation MTCR.
India’s decision to join the Hague Code of Conduct, dealing with the ballistic missile non-proliferation arrangement, earlier this month, provided a boost to its efforts to get into MTCR.
It is said that MTCR membership will enable India to buy high-end missile technology and also enhance its joint ventures with Russia.
India’s entry into the elite group was earlier blocked by Italy in 2015 over the detention of the Italian marines. However, with the return of both the marines, the Italians have softened their stand.
MTCR’s main objective is to restrict the proliferation of missiles, complete rocket system, unmanned air vehicles and related technology for those systems capable of carrying a 500kg payload for at least 300kms, as well as systems intended for the delivery of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD).