Concluding a long border dispute, India and Bangladesh will swap enclaves, giving thousands of people access to the public services they have been denied. The two countries will start the exchange of 162 adversely-held enclaves from 31 July. It will mark the start of implementation of their landmark land boundary agreement (LBA).
Comprising 7,110 acres, India will hand over 51 enclaves and Bangladesh will give India 111 enclaves comprising around 17, 160 acres. The two countries will implement the LBA of 1974 enabling protocol of September 2011, in a phased manner over the next 11 months.
As per reports, around 37,000 people are living in Indian enclaves in Bangladesh while 14,000 people are staying in Bangladeshi enclaves in India. Having already completed an exercise in July to ascertain the views of the residents in the enclaves whether they would like to take Indian or Bangladeshi citizenship, the survey learned that people of Bangladeshi enclaves in India do not want to shift to Bangladesh. An estimated 600 people, however, want to migrate to India.