How the state makes militants of young men

Photo: Abid Bhat


MUZAMIL AHMAD DAR, 24 Operation Theatre Assistant from Sopore

IN 2009, Muzamil topped his course to become an operation theatre assistant in a Srinagar hospital. But three years later, he was romancing an AK-47. The then Union home minister P Chidambaram described him as an “absconding Lashkare- Toiba (LeT) militant”. And on 21 October last year, he was killed in an encounter with security forces in north Kashmir’s Sopore town, 66 km north of Srinagar.

Born in a middle-class family of electronics traders, Muzamil once used to teach at a training centre run by the Rajiv Gandhi Literacy Mission. In a picture taken several months before his killing, Muzamil in his white cap and small black beard gives a confident gaze. His friends say he was working hard to pay off a family debt.

Muzamil’s father Mohammad Amin Dar, 55, will never forget 17 November 2010. “On that day, two men on the run from the police tossed a black bag into the kitchen garden of our house. My wife was there. Scared, she dumped the bag in the well. We never knew the act would take our son’s life,” says Dar. Soon, personnel of the army and the police’s Special Operation Group (SOG, a counter-insurgency force that human rights groups have often criticised for excesses) raided their house. Muzamil was detained along with his father and two brothers.

Dar sobs as he recalls what happened next: “I was made to watch as Muzamil’s brothers were forced to pull his legs in opposite directions as he sat bound to a chair. The cops were laughing aloud at his screams. It was humiliating.” Muzamil was charged under the Public Safety Act and kept in police custody for nearly 10 months, before the case was quashed. And when Chidambaram called him an LeT mastermind on 28 February last year, it shook the family’s faith in the system. “Police torture and harassment left Muzamil with no recourse but to pick up the gun,” argues Dar.


ATIR AHMAD DAR, 19 1st year Arts student from Sopore

ONCE EVERY week for the past few years, Atir would ask for 200 from his father Mohammad Yousuf Dar. This wasn’t pocket money, however. As the family later learnt, he was using this money to bribe the constables inside the police camp to beat him a little less. Atir’s journey from a boy who played cricket on the streets of Sopore to an LeT militant is another story of how some young men in Kashmir end up clutching guns after suffering atrocities at the hands of the security forces.

On 20 December last year, the villagers of Saidpora — 5 km west of Sopore town — woke up to the sounds of a gunfight that left five Pakistani insurgents and a local militant dead. In their rage, the soldiers not only blasted the houses where the militants had found shelter during the encounter, but also bulldozed over 170 apple trees. The local militant who engaged the troops in the gunfight before being killed turned out to be Atir.

Atir’s family treasures a photograph that shows him as a young boy in a blackand- grey striped sweater, sporting the hairstyle made popular by soccer player Cristiano Ronaldo. Atir’s friends and relatives blame the police for his transformation from a student into an LeT militant. They accuse the police of “implicating” young men like Atir in false cases of stonepelting and meting out “collective punishment” to their families.

It began when the boy was tortured inside Sopore police station to confess that he was involved in a stone-pelting case of 2011. “He was released on bail, but only after he was mercilessly beaten up for four weeks. He told us how he was repeatedly kicked in the abdomen, caned and lashed with belts,” says Atir’s mother Sara Begum.

The harassment and torture did not end after Atir got bail. Begum says Atir was regularly summoned to the police station and the nearby Special Operations Group camp where the Station House Officer Gazanfar and Deputy Superintendent of Police Iqbal Tantry would allegedly monitor the torture.

“And one day in July last year, he just stopped appearing before the police and disappeared,” says Atir’s polio-afflicted brother Tawheed Ahmad Dar. He says there was no other way for his brother to escape the relentless harassment. Atir’s family never heard of him again until social networking sites flashed images of his bullet-riddled body on 20 December.


ASHIQ AHMAD LONE, 22 1st year Arts student from Shopian

ASHIQ WAS summoned to a police camp in Shopian almost every week. Though he never spoke about being tortured there, every time he went to the camp, his mother Zareefa Akhter, 45, made sure to keep some hot water ready to remove the blood stains from his body when he returned in the evening.

“Those days, at least, he used to come back home,” says Zareefa. Today, she fears that her son, who went missing in July last year, might get killed in a gun battle with the security forces.

Ashiq was a Class 10 student in 2010 when he had first strayed into militant ranks. However, he returned after 15 days and spent the next two months in police custody. And immediately after his release, he opened a grocery shop in his village and enrolled in a nearby college to study arts. But the ordeal had, in fact, just begun.

Ashiq was often summoned to the SOG camp in the area, where he was tortured every time. This continued until July last year when he went missing again and joined the militants.

The police regularly harassed the family and also offered to help Ashiq get a government job if he surrenders. “We don’t trust the police. They first made Ashiq a militant by subjecting him to torture and abuse, and now they promise to give him a job,” says Zareefa.

IN KASHMIR, police harassment of local youth is a problem for the army as well. A senior official of 44 Rashtriya Rifles told TEHELKA: “Police harassment is not a new thing. The army mostly focusses on foreign elements, but the police is sparking this conflict again. That’s why there are more young men at army recruitment exercises than at police job rallies.”

In all the three cases above, the police has dismissed the relatives’ version as “rubbish and propaganda”. Sources claim nearly 40 boys have joined the Hizbul Mujahideen and the LeT in 2012 alone, most of them educated and coming from welloff families. This is a considerable figure keeping in view the total number of militants (223, according to police figures) in the state.

Kashmir’s new militants may be a mere addition to this statistic, but for the majority of its people, they are “martyrs” created as a result of the “atrocities perpetrated by the police and army”.

[email protected]


  1. Is kashmir really India`s part where were own people tortured in the name
    of intergrity.

    I believe if such inhuman act is done to kashmiri people have
    every right to revolt and join terrorist org for their revenage
    for the suffering they receive.

  2. its not just with kasmiri people – Indian police is known for all these cheap
    tactics in every part of India. even in punjab we hsve heard abt same

  3. Are you really telling me that a terrorist’s family will be candid enough to come out and tell the truth that their dead son was indeed a terrorist? They will go any lengths to protect their boy’s image and hence these attempts to portray him as an innocent victim of state abuse as opposed to the reality of being a religious fanatic with a gun.

    Tehelka, for all your “tehelka”, you do not care to dig deep into the facts of these “stories”. Did you even try?

  4. A truly touching and sad story. Very well written too. However, I do have a few questions to ask to the author. Why for instance, in Muzammil Ahmad Dar’s case, did the family not notify the police of the suspicious package thrown into their house? Surely that would have made them seem less complicit than throwing it in the family well.
    When the stone pelting riots broke out, I recall how a significant number of journalists, especially the brave independent Kashmiri journalists, pointed out how numerous the groups of stone throwers were and how most of them were youngsters. These assertions served to show how popular that uprising was, especially among the youth. Atir Ahmad Dar by the sounds of this article does seem to fit the description of the stone throwers’. That in itself does not in any way justify police brutality under any circumstances, much less based on mere hearsay; it is however curious as to why the boy’s family did not contact the media when he was being tortured routinely. And if they did, the author should have mentioned that, if only to prove the futility of such actions.
    In Ashiq Ahmad Lone’s case, the boy HAD dabbled in militancy.Agreed 15 is not the age one makes the soundest of decisions at, but the kid did it. That he returned to society and tried to clean up his act was commendable indeed, but have there been cases of indoctrinated youth returning to form “sleeper cells” in the past? Also why doesn’t the media ever highlight the role of the family in shaping the minds of the youth of Kashmir? It would also be interesting if such accounts of victimization even carried the policemens’ perspective, because in the end a one-sided account is just that, a one-sided account.

  5. Now write a article on how Kashmiri Hindus were tortured and forced to abandon their homes by Kashmiri muslims.

    I support army. Torture these fuckers as much as you want. Make them bleed and shoot these terrorist’s down. If they aren’t willing to treat Hindus as humans, we will learn to treat muslims as animals. Tit for tat eh?

    • Wow.. Seriously? You have no right to exist. People like you have no feelings, no compassion and above all, no rational thought. *pukes*


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Comment moderation is enabled. Your comment may take some time to appear.