Diabetes: Fast Facts



• Diabetes is more of a condition than a disease in which the amount of glucose in the body is so high that the body cannot use it properly

• Usually, the glucose that enters the body through starch-filled food items such as bread, rice, potato products and sweet food is broken down into glycogen, lipids or fatty acids

• These products are then stored in the body cells with the help of a hormone known as insulin

• Insulin is a peptide hormone that is secreted by the pancreas and it is a key player in the control of intermediatory metabolism

• Improper functioning of pancreas leads to improper secretion of insulin, which in turn leads to diabetes


Diabetes is accompanied by a variety of symptoms such as increased thirst, passing urine frequently at night, unexplained weight loss, extreme tiredness, genital itching and urinary infection, blurred vision and slow healing of wounds.

Long term diabetes without proper medication may result in heart attack, stroke, blindness, amputation, nerve damage and kidney failure.

Types of Diabetes

There two types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes:

  1. This diabetes is also known as ‘juvenile onset diabetes’
  2. This is because the condition is predominantly found in children and young adults
  3. The condition develops when the body fails to produce any insulin due to the destruction of the insulin producing cells
  4. It is usually treated with insulin injections, regular physical activity and a healthy diet

Type 2 Diabetes:

  1. This type of diabetes is seen in patients above the age of 40
  2. Studies have shown that in South Asians and Africans, this condition can appear at an early age of 25
  3. This condition develops when the body does not produce enough insulin for glucose metabolism
  4. This type of diabetes is treated with insulin injections, medication, regular physical activity and healthy diet


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