New Delhi’s toxic air may cause more than 30,000 deaths in 2025 making the city one of the most deadliest cities in the world, according to a study conducted by Germany’s Max Planck Institute for Chemistry.
To give company to New Delhi, air pollution levels in Kolkata and Mumbai would also worsen. By 2050, the worsening air quality could kill 1.30 lakh people in the three Indian cities.
At present levels, Kolkata would be the deadliest, with its air pollution levels causing 54,800 deaths in 2050. New Delhi would be the second worst.
“We find that emissions from residential energy use such as heating and cooking—in India and China—impact premature mortality globally,” said a team led by Johannes Lelieveld, director, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry.
Bad air quality would likely lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, acute lower respiratory illness, cerebrovascular disease, ischaemic heart disease and lung cancer.
Fuels used in India used to generate power in homes is the main cause for deteriorating air quality. Here are some of the causes that led to deaths by air pollution in 2010.
“We find that emissions from residential energy use such as heating and cooking, prevalent in India and China, have the largest impact on premature mortality globally,” said a team led by Johannes Lelieveld, director at the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry.
“Our study indicates that residential energy use is the leading source category, practiced by many people both in the urban and rural environment in India,” he said.
“It is an inefficient form of biofuel combustion that causes a lot of smoke and is the foremost source of premature mortality by both indoor and outdoor air pollution in Asia.”