10 Things

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By Vijay Simha

Wrong With Smaller States

1. THE VULNERABILITY
To natural disasters, shifts in economy and political crises. Have to depend on the Centre heavily.

2. NO BIG CITIES 
Therefore, they can’t build big markets.

3. SMALL FOOTPRINT
Can’t influence anything. For instance, there is only so much that Goa can impact.

4. ROCKY NATURE
Jharkhand, for example, is rarely stable. This drives away the big investors.

5. WEAK INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
Can’t participate fully in trade, finance or political negotiations, whose outcomes may affect them.

6. BIG PUBLIC SECTOR 
Lack of private players creates a state presence that may be larger than necessary, and less skillful.

7. DIVISIVE OUTLOOK
Telangana is seen as different from Andhra Pradesh, Gorkhaland separate from West Bengal, and so on. Diminishes perspective in a global era.

8. NO INTELLECTUAL LEADERSHIP
Too much emotional logic. Too little thought. Not enough professors, scientists, thinkers.

9. POOR POLITICAL AND BUREAUCRATIC MODELS
Governance becomes personal and partial. Everybody knows everybody, and rules are bent.

10. MAKE BIGGER STATES LOOK ATTRACTIVE
All this makes us yearn for a bigger state where things can be professional.

& 10 THINGS COMFORTING

1. Icons are created, like MS Dhoni
2.
 Tax holidays, which lure industry from other states
3.
 The government gets closer to the people
4.
 Spawn prosperity
5. Create jobs
6. Provide identity
7. Can be peaceful, like Tripura
8. Local culture gets boost
9. Infrastructure improves
10. Local accountability increases, especially of bureaucrats

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